Female Fluid Release
The female genitals secrete a secret, its quantity and quality shows whether there are disorders in the body and how correctly the reproductive system functions.
If the discharge in women exceeds the norm or has an unusual color, smell or consistency, you need to urgently consult a gynecologist - you have problems!
Unusual discharge is the main reason for women to visit a gynecologist. And this is understandable - such a symptom is difficult to miss, especially if the discharge is accompanied by an unpleasant odor and an unusual color.
What discharge between menstruation is considered normal
Female discharge normally consists of mucus from the cervical canal, dead cells of the mucous membrane, fluid (secretion) secreted by the glands of the vagina, lactic acid.
In the secretions of a healthy woman, lactic acid bacteria (Doderlein's sticks), a small amount of cocci and other microorganisms that do not cause harm are found. Normally, vaginal discharge is slightly acidic.
Such an environment prevents pathogenic microbes from multiplying.
The main function of normal female discharge is to protect the uterus and vagina from infections and to moisturize the inner surface of the organ.
In a healthy girl, the first discharge begins shortly before the onset of menstruation.
The number and characteristics of vaginal discharge are influenced by the hormonal background of the body, sexual activity, the stage of the menstrual cycle and the state of the internal genital organs - the uterus, ovaries, appendages.
On the Internet, on the forums, you can often find information that there should not be noticeable discharge between menstruation in women.
Since they are excreted and absorbed in an equal volume. In practice, of course, this is not so - most healthy women note discharge.
What normal discharge looks like in women
The discharge of a healthy woman is like mucus without a pungent odor and not too abundant. They lubricate and cleanse the mucous membrane, protecting it from drying out and irritation.
Immediately after the end of menstruation, the discharge is scanty, then their amount increases. Before the onset of ovulation (up to 12-16 days), they are transparent, watery, then become more cloudy and viscous. The amount of discharge is different for each woman.
Allocation increases with stress, sexual arousal and pregnancy. Bakes up to 2 ml of whites per day. An increase in the volume of secretions during ovulation means that the egg is ready for fertilization.
This happens in the middle of the menstrual cycle and helps determine the maximum likelihood of conceiving a child.
In different situations, a woman's normal vaginal discharge can have a different structure, consistency and color. These are what they are:
- The mucous discharge is transparent.
- Creamy discharge in a small amount (in the second half of the cycle, after the period of ovulation).
- Abundant jelly-like discharge, colorless and odorless (before the onset of menstruation).
- Whitish or yellow discharge with small clots (after sex without a condom).
- Profuse white discharge (in the morning after unprotected sex).
- Bloody discharge (during menstruation).
- Dark-colored spotting (while taking contraceptives.
- Light-colored liquid discharge that does not cause discomfort (during pregnancy).
With illness, the composition and volume of secretions changes. Discharge in women becomes profuse, offensive with a yellow, green and reddish tinge.
Leucorrhoea irritate the perineal mucosa and skin. If such symptoms appear, you need to see a doctor and take a smear for STDs and vaginal flora.
Pathological leucorrhoea and age
In childhood and adolescence, profuse leucorrhoea is caused by helminthic invasions, allergies, hormonal disruptions, and abnormal development of the genitals. With irrational use of antibiotics, girls develop thrush.
In 30% of cases, purulent discharge is caused by an infection that has penetrated the genital tract with the flow of blood or lymph. In children, there are cases of domestic STD infection.
In childbearing age, among the causes of leucorrhoea, infections (60-70%) are in the lead, caused by cocci, protozoa and Candida fungi. There are often tumors that cause an abundant discharge, which women mistake for thrush or allergies.
The discharge increases during pregnancy and after childbirth. This is a variant of the norm that does not require treatment.
Abundant vaginal secretions during menopause and menopause are often caused by oncopathology or precancer.
Therefore, if it occurs, you need to be examined by a gynecologist. At this age, leucorrhoea is often caused by organ prolapse (prolapse) and mucosal atrophy.
Types of discharge with signs of pathology
The following types of discharge are distinguished:
- Vaginal . Any healthy woman has them. If their number and volume increase, then it is likely that diseases associated with the genitourinary system are present in the body, for example, colpitis. To accurately determine the cause, you need to take a vaginal smear for research.
- Vestibular. This discharge is most often white and is a symptom of inflammation of the external genital organs and glands.
- Pipe . This is the rarest group of secretions associated with inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
- Cervical . As the name suggests, they are formed due to erosion, polyps, and other inflammatory processes in the cervix.
- Uterine . They are caused by fibroids, malignant tumors, inflammation of the uterine lining.
It is very important to determine the source of secretions, and only a gynecologist can do this.
Features of female discharge with dangerous signs
Discharges are distinguished by consistency, abundance and color. These signs allow you to determine the presence in the body of a certain gynecological disease.
- Natural discharge between periods has a consistency of colorless, odorless mucus. If they turn yellow, green or cheesy and are accompanied by purulent discharge, then this is already an alarming signal indicating an infection.
- Discharge of a dark, pinkish shade or with impurities of blood indicates a hormonal imbalance in the body or erosion of the cervix.
- The most dangerous for a woman's life are brown or pink spotting, especially if they appear during pregnancy. You should consult a doctor immediately, especially if the discharge is accompanied by the following symptoms: headache and abdominal pain, heart palpitations, weakness and low blood pressure, threadlike pulse, profuse sweating, pale skin.
Many diseases, incl. and STDs are asymptomatic. There are discharge with them, but they are not pathological in nature and look like normal.
If the disease passes in a latent form, then it is almost impossible to diagnose it on your own due to the absence of characteristic manifestations.
You can identify pathology at a routine examination.
To do this, a woman should be examined by a gynecologist at least 2 times a year and take a smear, which will determine the presence of latent diseases at the initial stage.
Detailed signs of pathological discharge
Pathological discharge in women is called if it is a symptom of inflammation, tumors of the genital organs and STIs (genital infections).
In a healthy woman, discharge cannot cause burning, discomfort, itching, irritation and other unpleasant sensations.
A smear on the microflora will show the number of leukocytes within the normal range, not increased.
Symptoms of pathological discharge requiring urgent diagnosis and treatment:
- Discharge that is brown, pink, or bloody at any time outside of menses.
- The usual amount of menstrual blood changes: it gets less, more. Menses pass with pain or disappear altogether.
- Abundant discharge of white, green, yellow, dark shades, uncharacteristic of the menstrual cycle.
- Discharge accompanied by itching, abdominal pain and foul odor.
If streaks of blood and clots appear in the vaginal discharge, and the leucorrhoea began to look like meat slops, you urgently need to contact a gynecologist, take smears, blood and urine tests, and do an ultrasound.
These are dire symptoms that indicate a high probability of cancer.
It is important to understand that the cause of the appearance of discharge may not necessarily be a disease of the reproductive system.
They can also be caused by pathologies of another type that have no connection with the genitals. But in any case, the examination should be started with a gynecologist.